Get Stronger and Healthier Faster With These 4 Terms

photo: karabulakastan

Warm-up, Repetitions (Reps), Set, Rest. These 4 terms are the foundation of nearly every strength training program. When used correctly, you will see and feel positive results much faster. And, if not used correctly, you’ll have trouble meeting your fitness goals. It will take you much longer, if ever, to see results. And you could injure yourself.

There is a lot of flexibility with how you use them. After reading this post, you’ll be able to use these terms properly and understand when someone else uses them, even if you have no experience. It’s your fitness program. Your body. The more you know, the faster you will see and feel a difference.

Not everyone has spent half their life in fitness settings where everyone assumes you already know what these terms mean. But, you don’t need to spend a long time in these settings to learn these basics. Just read on!

A warm-up is a light or less-strenuous version of the activity you are about to do. Whether doing a cardio or strength training workout, a short warm-up is recommended.

A repetition is one of whatever exercise motion you are performing, from start to finish.

A set is a group of repetitions. For example, a set of 10 repetitions of an exercise is commonly prescribed. Hint: The number of repetitions in a set is not concrete. It is a flexible guideline.

And rest is the time between sets. The amount of time will vary depending on your goals.

These are the basics of nearly every strength training program. They are the variables that determine the outcome of your programs. Once you have a goal in mind, the amounts of reps, sets, and rest can be arranged to help you reach your goal.

Now you can move forward and keep learning on your own or have someone like me, a personal trainer, help you create your program. Warm-up, repetitions, sets, and rest. Hopefully, you feel more comfortable with these terms and how they can help you get stronger and healthier.

In the next article, I will explain how these are used in strength training programs, going beyond the basic definitions.

Comment or ask questions! If you would like a little more personalized help, let me know. If you sign up to follow, you’ll be sent an email when I post new articles.


As with all the exercise information on this site, please get a check-up with your doctor before you begin an exercise program.

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